Hari Om ! May Mitra, Varuna,
Aryaman, Indra, Brihaspati And all-pervading Vishnu be propitious to us
And grant us welfare and bliss. I bow down to Brahman in reverence. O
Vayu, I bow down to Thee in adoration. Thou verily art perceptible
Brahman. I shall declare: Thou art right. Thou art the true and the
good. May that – the Supreme Being adored as Vayu – preserve me. May He
preserve the teacher. Me, may He protect; My teacher, may He protect.
Om ! May He protect us both together; may He
nourish us both together; May we work conjointly with great energy, May
our study be vigorous and effective; May we not mutually dispute (or may
we not hate any). Om ! Let there be Peace in me ! Let there be Peace in
my environment ! Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !
I-1: The Lord of creation, who is present in the
shoreless waters, on the earth and above the heaven and who is greater
than the great, having entered the shining intelligences of creatures in
seed form, acts in the foetus (which grows into the living being that is
I-2: That in which all this universe exists together and into which
it dissolves. That in which all the gods remain enjoying their
respective powers – That certainly is whatever that has been in the past
and whatever indeed is to come in the future. This cause of the
universe, Prajapati, is supported by His own imperishable nature
described as absolute ether.
I-3: He by whom the space between heaven and earth as well as the
heaven and the earth are enveloped. He by whom the sun burns with heat
and gives light, and He whom the sages bind in the ether of their hearts
(with the string of meditation), in whom – The Imperishable One – all
I-4-5: From whom the creatrix of the world, Prakriti, was born, who
created in the world creatures out of elements such as water, who
entered beings consisting of herbs, quadrupeds and men as the inner
controller, who is greater than the greatest, who is one without a
second, who is imperishable, who is of unlimited forms, who is the
universe, who is ancient, who remains beyond darkness or Prakriti and
who is higher than the highest – nothing else exists other than, or
subtler than, Him.
I-6: Sages declare: That alone is right and That alone is true: That
alone is the venerable Brahman contemplated by the wise. Acts of worship
and social utility also are that Reality. That alone being the navel of
the universe, sustains manifoldly the universe which arose in the past
and which springs to existence at present.
I-7: That alone is Fire: That is Air; That is Sun; That verily is
Moon; That alone is shining Stars and Ambrosia. That is Food; That is
Water and He is the Lord of creatures.
I-8-9: All nimesas, kalas, muhurtas, kasthas, days, half-months,
months, and seasons, were born from the self-luminous Person. The year
also was born from Him. He milked water and also these two, the
firmament and the heaven.
I-10: No person ever grasped by his understanding the upward limit of
this Paramatman, nor His limit across, nor His middle portion. His name
is ‘great glory’ for no one limits His nature by definition.
I-11: His form is not to be beheld; none whosoever beholds Him with
the eye. Those who meditate on Him with their minds undistracted and
fixed in the heart know Him; they become immortal. I-12: This
Self-luminous Lord renowned in the scriptures pervades all the quarters
of heaven. Having been born as Hiranyagarbha in the beginning He indeed
is inside the universe represented as the womb. He alone is the manifold
world of creation now springing into existence and causing the birth of
the world of creation yet to come. As one having face everywhere, He
dwells also as the inner most Self leading all creatures.
I-13: The Self-luminous Reality is one without a second and is the
creator of heaven and earth. (Having created the universe by Himself and
out of Himself.) He became the possessor of the eyes, faces, hands and
feet of all creatures in every part of the universe. He controls all of
them by dharma and adharma (merit and demerit) represented as His two
hands and the constituent elements of the universe which have supplied
the Souls with the material embodiment represented as patatra or legs.
I-14-15: He in whom this universe originates and into whom it is
absorbed; He who exists as the warp and woof in all created beings; He
by whom the three states (of waking, dream and deep sleep) are appointed
in the intellects hidden in creatures; He in whom the universe finds a
single place of rest – having seen that Paramatman, the Gandharva named
Vena became a true knower of all the worlds and proclaimed (to his
disciples for the first time) that Reality as immortal. He who knows
that all-pervasive One becomes worthy of receiving the honour due to a
father even from his own natural father.
I-16: Through whose power the gods who have attained immortality in
the third region of heaven got allotted their respective places, He is
our friend, father and ordainer. He knows the proper places of each
because He understands all created beings.
I-17: They (i.e. those who have realized their identity with the
Highest Lord) immediately spread over heaven and earth. They pervade
other worlds, the quarters of heaven and the heavenly region called
Suvarloka. Whosoever among created beings sees that Brahman named Rita
or ‘the True’, unintermittently pervading the creation like the thread
of a cloth, by contemplation in mind, truly becomes That.
I-18: Having pervaded the worlds and the created beings and all the
quarters and intermediate quarters, the first born of Brahman known as
Prajapati or Hiranyagarbha became by His own nature as Paramatman, the
ruler and protector of individual souls.
I-19: I pray I may attain to the marvellously excellent Lord of the
unmanifest cause of the universe who is dear to Indra and my own Self,
who is covetable, who is worthy of reverence and who is the bestower of
I-20: O Jatavedas, shine brilliantly in order to destroy the sins
connected with me. Confer on me enjoyments of various kinds including
cattle. Give me sustenance and longevity and appoint a suitable dwelling
for me in any direction.
I-21: O Jatavedas, through Thy grace may not the evil one slay our
cows, horses, men and other belongings in the world. O Fire, come to
succour us without holding weapons in Thy hand or thoughts of our
offences in Thy mind. Unite me on all sides with wealth.
I-22: May we know the Supreme Person and for the attainment of His
Knowledge may we meditate upon Him, the thousand-eyed Great God. May
Rudra, the giver of Knowledge, impel us towards such meditation and keep
us in it.
I-23: May we know or realize the Supreme Person. For that, may we
meditate upon Mahadeva and to that meditation may Rudra impel us.
I-24: May we know the Supreme Person. For that, may we meditate upon
Vakratunda. May Dantin impel us towards it.
I-25: May we know the Divine Person. For that, may we meditate upon
Chakratunda. May Nandi impel us towards it.
I-26: May we know that Divine Person. For that, may we meditate upon
Mahasena. May Shanmukha impel us towards it.
I-27: May we know that Divine Person. For that, may we meditate on
Suvarnapaksha. May Garuda impel us towards it.
I-28: May we know the Veda, embodied as the four-faced Brahma. For
that, may we meditate upon Hiranyagarbha. May Brahman impel us towards
I-29: May we know Narayana. For that, may we meditate upon Vasudeva.
May Vishnu impel us towards it.
I-30: May we know Vajranakha. For that, may we meditate upon
Tikshnadamstra. May Narasimha impel us towards it.
I-31: May we know Bhaskara. For that, may we meditate upon the
great-light-producer. May Aditya impel us towards it.
I-32: May we know Vaishvanara. For that, may we meditate upon Lalila.
May Agni impel us towards it.
I-33: May we know Katyayana. For that, may we meditate upon
Kanyakumari. May Durgi impel us towards it.
I-34: May durva (the panic grass), who represents the divine Spirit,
who is superior to a thousand purifying agencies, who has innumerable
nodes and sprouts and who destroys the effects of evil dreams, remove
all my impurities.
I-35: O durva, just as thou growest farther and farther multiplying
at every node putting forth roots and fresh stalks, so also help us to
grow in progeny by hundreds and thousands.
I-36: O Devi, worshipped by devotees, may we worship thee with
oblations – thou who multipliest thyself by hundreds and growest in
I-37: O earth that is traversed by a horse, a chariot and Vishnu, I
shall keep thee on my head; protect me at every step.
I-38: The earth is the giver of happiness like the milch cow, the
sustainer of life and support for all living beings. (Represented as
such the earth is addressed): Thou wert raised up by Krishna in His
incarnation of the boar having hundred hands.
I-39: O excellent earth, destroy my evil deeds as well as sins
connected with me. O excellent earth, thou art a gift from God to
creatures. Thou art prayed over by Kashyapa. O excellent earth grant me
prosperity, for everything depends on thee.
I-40: O excellent earth, on which all creatures are supported,
cleanse all that (sin) from me. O excellent earth, my sins having been
destroyed by thee, I attain to the highest goal.
I-41: O Indra, make us fearless of those (causes such as sin, enemies
and hell) of which we are afraid. O Maghavan, destroy that, i.e. the
cause of fear, that is in us (thy devotees). For our protection destroy
our harassing enemies.
I-42: May Indra come to our succour – Indra who is the giver of
welfare on earth and bliss in the next world, who is the lord of people,
who is the slayer of Vritra, who is the subduer of enemies and giver of
rain, who is peaceable and giver of safety.
I-43: May Indra who is profusely praised by the devotees through
sacred hymns, or frequently worshipped with oblations, vouchsafe to us
safety and well-being. May the all-knowing or all-possessing Pusan
vouchsafe to us well-being. May Garuda, the son of Triksha, whose
chariot is not injured by anyone, vouchsafe to us safety. May
Brihaspati, the preceptor of gods, grant us well-being.
I-44: Soma who is of mild anger, who strikes with stones, who shakes
enemies, who has many deeds, who wields weapons and who delights in soma
juice kept over, causes the jungles of dried up trees and bushes (to
grow by the downpour of rains). Counter-weights do not weigh down making
I-45: Vena, the noon sun who was born at the beginning of creation as
the first effect of the Supreme Reality, Brahman, and who is of
excellent brilliance, spreads over the whole world up to its boundary.
He illumines also the heavenly bodies. He remains manifoldly in his own
limited forms which are like himself. He also spreads over and permeates
the causal substance out of which the visible and the invisible universe
I-46: Being the producer of creatures including men and their settler
in respective regions and also far-famed for forbearance, O earth, be to
us an ender of sorrows and giver of bliss here and hereafter.
I-47: I invoke in this act of worship Sri, the support of all, who is
known through smell, who is unassailable, perpetually prosperous, rich
in cowdung and the mistress of all created beings.
I-48: May Sri favour me. May Alakshmi connected with me and mine be
destroyed. The gods having Vishnu for their chief (who is the perpetual
abode of Sri) by the help of (the means prescribed in) the Vedas won
these worlds for themselves free from the fear of enemies. May Indra
armed with thunderbolt and worshipful moon grant us happiness.
I-49: May Indra grant us welfare. May he destroy the evil one hostile
I-50: O Lord of prayers, make me the presser of soma juice, well
known among the gods like Kakshivan, the son of Usik. Make me physically
capable of performing sacrifices. Let those who are hostile to us remain
‘there’ long, in the hell.
I-51: He who is rendered holy by the ancient, widespread, sanctifying
feet (or by virtuous conduct) crosses over evil deeds and their effects.
Having been rendered holy by that naturally pure and purifying feet of
the Lord (or conduct) may we overcome our enemies, the sins.
I-52: O Indra, O slayer of Vritra, O valorous one and all-knowing
one, accept with pleasure our soma oblation in the company of your
retinue and troop of gods. Slay our enemies, give us victory in battle
and grant us safety and fearlessness from every quarter.
I-53: For us may (the regents of) water and herbs be friendly and to
those who dislike us and whom we dislike let them be unfriendly.
I-54: O waters, verily you are bliss-conferring. Being such, grant us
food, and great and beautiful insight (of the Supreme Truth). Further
make us in this very life participators of that joy of yours which is
most auspicious, just like fond mothers (who nurse their darlings with
nourishment). May we attain to that satisfactory abode of yours which
you are pleased to grant us. Generate for us also the waters of life and
pleasures on earth (during our sojourn here).
I-55: I take refuge in Varuna, who is of golden lustre or who has a
golden diadem. O Varuna, being entreated by me, grant me the saving
grace. For I have enjoyed what belongs to bad people and accepted gift
I-56: May Indra, Varuna, Brihaspati and Savitur completely destroy
that sin committed by me and my people in thought, word and act.
I-57: Salutation to fire hidden in water. Salutation to Indra.
Salutation to Varuna. Salutation to Varuni, the consort of Varuna.
Salutation to the deities of waters.
I-58: (Through the power of this mantra) let all that is injurious,
impure and troublesome in water be destroyed.
I-59: May the King Varuna efface by his hand whatever sin I have
incurred by unlawful eating, unlawful drinking and accepting gifts from
an unlawful person.
I-60: Thus being sinless, stainless and unbound by evil and bondage,
may I ascend to the happy heaven and enjoy equality of status with
I-61: May the sin-effacing Varuna who dwells in other sources of
water like rivers, tanks and wells also purify us.
I-62: O Ganga, O Yamuna, O Sarasvati, O Sutudri, O Marudvrudha, O
Arjikiya, come together and listen to this hymn of mine along with
Parushni, Asikni, Vitasta and Sushoma.
I-63: From the all-illuminating Supreme, by His resolve, the right
and the true were generated. From Him night and day were generated. And
from Him again was generated the sea with different waters.
I-64-65: Then, after the creation of the vast ocean the year was
generated. Afterwards the ruler of the world of sentient and
non-sentient beings who made day and night ordained sun and moon, sky
and earth and the atmosphere and blissful heaven, just as they were in
the previous cycles of creation.
I-66: May the sin-effacing Varuna, the deity presiding over the
waters, purify the taint of sin that attaches to the beings dwelling on
the earth, in the atmospheric region and in the space between the earth
and heaven and also connected with us (the performers of religious
work). May the Vasus purify us. May Varuna purify us. May Aghamarshana,
the sage called by that name, purify us. He, Varuna, is the protector of
the world that was and also the world that exists at present between the
past and the future worlds. He grants to the doers of meritorious deeds
the worlds which they deserve and to the sinful the world of death
called Hiranmaya. Again Varuna who is the support of heaven and earth,
having become the sun is wholesome and attractive. Being such, blissful
in nature, thou O Varuna, grant us thy favours and purify us.
I-67: That Supreme Light which projected Itself as the universe like
a soaked seed which sprouts (or that Supreme Light which shines as the
substratum of the liquid element) – I am that Supreme Light. I am that
supreme light of Brahman which shines as the inmost essence of all that
exists. In reality I am the same infinite Brahman even when I am
experiencing myself as a finite self owing to Ignorance. Now by the
onset of knowledge I am really that Brahman which is my eternal nature.
Therefore I realise this identity by making myself, the finite self, an
oblation into the fire of the infinite Brahman which I am always. May
this oblation be well made.
I-68: He who is a transgressor of the scriptural conduct, a recreant,
a thief, a feticide or an outrager of his preceptor’s honour is released
from his sins; for Varuna, the regent of waters and effacer of sins
(absolves them from sins by the repetition of this mantra).
I-69: I am the ground of sins. Therefore you cause me to weep. Wise
men say (don’t make me weep, but favour me by destroying my sins).
I-70: The Supreme represented as the ocean has overflown to the whole
creation. He has created at first creatures according to the deserts of
their various past deeds. He is the ruler of the universe and the
munificent giver of gifts to the devotees. He dwells together with Uma
(His power giving spiritual illumination) in the hearts of devotees
which are holier than other parts of their body (the seat of the Divine)
and therefore superior and elevated like a peak and affording
protection. The Jiva who is his abode grows to be infinite. He is the
Lord who delights the individual souls by guiding according to their
deeds and conferring on them fruits of their actions.
Maha-Narayana Upanishad -