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Gautam Buddha Dhammapada Discourses

The Dhammapada, an anthology of 423 verses, has long been recognised as one of the
masterpieces of early Buddhist literature. From ancient times to the present, the
Dhammapada has been regarded as the most succinct expression of the Buddha's
teaching found in the Theravada Pali Canon of scriptures known as the Khuddaka
Nikaya ("Minor Collection") of the Sutta Pitaka.

Buddhist tradition has it that shortly after the passing away of the Buddha his
disciples met in council at Rajagaha for the purpose of recalling to mind the truths
they had received from their beloved Teacher during the forty-five years of his
ministry. Their hope was to implant the principles of his message so firmly in
memory that they would become a lasting impetus to moral and spiritual conduct, for
themselves, their disciples, and for all future disciples who would seek to follow in the
footsteps of the Awakened One.

With the Teacher no longer among them, the monks found themselves with the
responsibility of handing on the teaching as faithfully as possible. Having no written
texts to rely on, they did as their ancestors had before them and prepared their
discourses for recitation, that is, basic themes were repeated with variations in order
to impress the ideas on their hearers. At that time, according to the Sinhalese, the
Dhammapada was orally assembled from the sayings of Gautama given on some
three hundred different occasions.

Subsequently, several renditions of the Dhammapada in the Sanskrit and Chinese
languages came into circulation. Likewise, a number of stanzas are to be found
almost verbatim in other texts of the canonical literature, testifying to the esteem in
which its content was anciently held. Since first collated, the Dhammapada has
become one of the best loved of Buddhist scriptures, recited daily by millions of
devotees who chant its verses in Pali or in their native dialect.

It was inevitable that differences in interpretation of teaching as well as of
disciplinary practices would arise, with the result that about a century after the First
Council was held a second gathering was called to affirm the purity of the doctrine. It
was at this Second Council that the Arhats divided into two main streams, namely,
the Mahasanghika or "Great Assembly" and the Theravada or "Doctrine of Elders."
These gradually developed into the Mahayana or Northern School of Buddhism
espoused chiefly in India, Tibet, China, and later Japan, and the Hinayana or
Southern School whose stronghold is Sri Lanka, Burma, and the countries of Southeast

(From the Dhammapada Foreword of Dr. Harischandra Kaviratna, with minor
adaptations, 1980, Theosophical University Press)

Note : Gautam Buddha Dhammapada Translated by Thomas Byrom


Buddha Dhammapada Teachings -  Choices    Wakefulness    Mind    Flowers    The Fool    Wise Man    Master    The Thousands   Mischief    Violence    Old Age   Yourself    The World    Man who is Awake    Joy    Pleasure    Anger    Impurity    The Just  
The Way    Out of the Forest    The Dark    The Elephant    Desire    The Seeker    True Master

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