Ramana Mahashi on Turiya and Samadhi
Question : Is samadhi the same as turiya, the fourth
Ramana Maharshi : Samadhi, turiya and nirvikalpa all have the same
implication, that is, awareness of the Self. Turiya literally means the
fourth state, the supreme consciousness, as distinct from the other
three states: waking, dreaming and dreamless sleep. The fourth state is
eternal and the other three states come and go in it. In turiya there is
the awareness that the mind has merged in its source, the Heart, and is
quiescent there, although some thoughts still impinge on it and the
senses are still somewhat active. In nirvikalpa the senses are inactive
and thoughts are totally absent. Hence the experience of pure
consciousness in this state is intense and blissful. Turiya is
obtainable in savikalpa samadhi.
Question : What is the difference between the bliss
enjoyed in sleep and the bliss enjoyed in turiya?
Ramana Maharshi - There are not different blisses. There is only one
bliss which includes the bliss enjoyed in the waking state, the bliss of
all kinds of beings from the lowest animal to the highest Brahma. That
bliss is the bliss of the Self. The bliss which is enjoyed unconsciously
in sleep is enjoyed consciously in turiya, that is the only difference.
The bliss enjoyed in the waking state is second-hand, it is an adjunct
of the real bliss [upadhi ananda].
Question : Is samadhi, the eighth stage of raja yoga,
the same as the samadhi you speak of ?
Ramana Maharshi : In yoga the term samadhi refers to some kind of trance
and there are various kinds of samadhi. But the samadhi I speak of is
different. It is sahaja samadhi. From here you have samadhana
[steadiness] and you remain calm and composed even while you are active.
You realize that you are moved by the deeper real Self within. You have
no worries, no anxieties, no cares, for you come to realize that there
is nothing belonging to you. You know that everything is done by
something with which you are in conscious union.
Source: from David Godman Excellent Book "Be As You
Ramana Maharshi Biography
Ramana Maharshi Teachings
Osho on Lakshmi Cow (Ramana
Ramana Maharshi Free PDF
Maharshi Self Inquiry Meditation Technique
Ramana Maharshi on Deep Sleep, Trance and
Ramana Maharshi on Samadhi - Nirvikalpa
Samadhi and Sahaja Samadhi
Ribhu Gita chapter
26 and 40 verses of Reality
Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi Teachings Blog (open in new window)
Jiddu Krishnamurti Talk on
Osho on Satori - Satori is a glimpse of
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